Marsden, Peter V. 2011. “Survey Methods for Network Data”. Pp. 370-388 in The Sage Handbook of Social Network Analysis, edited by John Scott and Peter J. Carrington. London: Sage Publications.Abstract

Data on social networks may be gathered for all ties linking elements of a closed population ("complete" network data) or for the sets of ties surrounding sampled individual units ("egocentric" network data). Network data have been obtained via surveys and questionnaires, archives, observation, diaries, electronic traces, and experiments. Most methodological research on data quality concerns surveys and questionnaires. The question of the accuracy with which informants can provide data on their network ties is nontrivial, but survey methods can make some claim to reliability. Unresolved issues include whether to measure perceived social ties or actual exchanges, how to treat temporal elements in the definition of relationships, and whether to seek accurate descriptions or reliable indicators. Continued research on data quality is needed; beyond improved samples and further investigation of the informant accuracylreliability issue, this should cover common indices of network structure, address the consequences of sampling portions of a net- work, and examine the robustness of indicators of network structure and position to both random and nonrandom errors of measurement.


Pager, Devah, Bruce Western, and Bart Bonikoswki. 2009. “Discrimination in a Low Wage Labor Market: A Field Experiment”. American Sociological Review 74:777-799.
Work Disappears: The World of the New Urban Poor.
Wilson, William Julius. 1996. Work Disappears: The World of the New Urban Poor. New York: Alfred A. Knopf.Abstract

Wilson, one of our foremost authorities on race and poverty, challenges decades of liberal and conservative pieties to look squarely at the devastating effects that joblessness has had on our urban ghettos. Marshaling a vast array of data and the personal stories of hundreds of men and women, Wilson persuasively argues that problems endemic to America's inner cities--from fatherless households to drugs and violent crime--stem directly from the disappearance of blue-collar jobs in the wake of a globalized economy. Wilson's achievement is to portray this crisis as one that affects all Americans, and to propose solutions whose benefits would be felt across our society. At a time when welfare is ending and our country's racial dialectic is more strained than ever, When Work Disappears is a sane, courageous, and desperately important work.


Sampson, Robert J., and John H. Laub. 1995. Crime in the Making: Pathways and Turning Points through Life. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
The Truly Disadvantaged: The Inner City, the Underclass, and Public Policy.
Wilson, William Julius. 1987. The Truly Disadvantaged: The Inner City, the Underclass, and Public Policy. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. 2nd edition, 2012.Abstract

"The Truly Disadvantaged should spur critical thinking in many quarters about the causes and possible remedies for inner city poverty. As policy makers grapple with the problems of an enlarged underclass they—as well as community leaders and all concerned Americans of all races—would be advised to examine Mr. Wilson's incisive analysis."—Robert Greenstein, New York Times Book Review

Wilson, William Julius. 1978. The Declining Significance of Race: Blacks and Changing American Institutions. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. 3rd Edition, 2012.